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Research in the Barrett Biogeochemistry Lab

    research

Current Projects

Increased Connectivity in a Polar Desert Resulting from Climate Warming: The McMurdo Dry Valleys LTER Program, NSF #1027284. Principle Investigator D. M. McKnight, University of Colorado. Total Award: $5,640,000 (sub-award to J. E. Barrett: $275,376). Award Period: March 2011- February 2017. Recommended for funding. (link)

Controls Over The Spatial Distribution and Activity Of Microbial Communities In Antarctic Soils, NSF OPP #0944556. Collaborative Research: Principle Investigator: J. E. Barrett. Co-PI: S.C. Cary (Univ. of Delaware). Total Award: $388,251 (Barrett portion: $198,768). Award Period: Sept 2010–August 2012.

The Role of Snow Patches on the Spatial Distribution of Soil Microbial Communities and Biogeochemical Cycling in the Antarctic Dry Valleys, NSF OPP #0838922. Collaborative Research: Principle Investigator: J. E. Barrett, Co-PIs: M. Gooseff (Penn State), C. Takacs-Vesbach (UNM). Total Award: $825,422 (Barrett portion: $244,066). Award Period: Sept 2009–August 2012. (link)


Completed Projects

Hydrologic controls over biogeochemistry and microbial community structure and function across terrestrial/aquatic interfaces in a polar desert, NSF OPP #0338174. Collaborative Research: Principle Investigator: M. Gooseff (Penn State), Co-PIs: J. E. Barrett (Dartmouth/Virginia Tech.), C. Takacs-Vesbach (UNM). Total Award: $421,447 (Barrett portion: $102,957). Award Period: July 2004–June 2007.

Soil Biodiversity and Response to Climate Change: A Regional Comparison of Cape Hallett and Taylor Valley, NSF OPP #0229836. Collaborative Research: Principle Investigator: W. B. Lyons (The Ohio State Univ.), Co-PIs: J. E. Barrett and R. A. Virginia (Dartmouth College), S. C. Cary (Univ. of Delaware), D. H. Wall (Colorado State Univ.). Total Award: $556,058 (Barrett and Virginia portion: $131,100). Award Period: July 2003–June 2006.

The Effects of Humic Substances on Nitrogen Retention, NSF DEB #9707296. Principle Investigators: I.C. Burke, W.K. Lauenroth, G. Maciel (Colorado State University) and , D.W. Johnson (University of Nevada at Reno). Total Award: $500,000. Award Period: 1997-2000. (JEB contributed to the development of the proposal and execution of the research as a graduate research assistant with Indy Burke).


Referreed Publications

Zeglin, L. H, C. N. Dahm, J. E. Barrett, M. N. Gooseff, S. K. Fitpatrick, and C. D. Takacs-Vesbach. 2011. Bacterial community structure along moisture gradients in the parafluvial sediments of two ephemeral desert streams. Microbial Ecology DOI 10.1007/s00248-010-9782-7

Smith, J. L., J. E. Barrett, G. Tusnády, L. Rejtö, and S. Craig Cary. 2010. Resolving environmental drivers of microbial community structure in Antarctic soils. Antarctic Science 22: 673-680

Ayres, E., J. N. Nkem, D. H. Wall, B. J. Adams, J. E. Barrett, A. G. Fountain, and R. A. Virginia. 2010. Experimentally increased snow accumulation alters soil moisture and animal community structure in a polar desert. Polar Biology 33:897–907.

Cary, S. C., I. R. McDonald, J. E. Barrett, and D. A. Cowan. 2010. On the Rocks: the microbiology of Antarctic cold desert soils. Nature Reviews Microbiology 8: 129-138.

Simmons, B.L., D.H. Wall, B. J Adams, E. Ayres, J.E. Barrett, and R.A. Virginia. 2009. Terrestrial mesofauna in above- and below-ground habitats: Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Polar Biology 32: 1549-1558.

Simmons, B.L., D. H. Wall, B.J. Adams, E. Ayres, J. E. Barrett, and R.A. Virginia. 2009. Long-term experimental warming reduces soil nematode populations in the McMurdo dry valleys, Antarctica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41: 2052-2060.

Barrett, J. E., M. N. Gooseff, and C. Takacs-Vesbach. 2009. Spatial variation in active-layer geochemistry across hydrologic margins in a polar desert ecosystems. Hydrology and Earth System Science 13: 2349-2358.

Ball, B.A., R. A. Virginia, J. E. Barrett, A. N. Parsons, and D. H. Wall. 2009. Interactions between physical and biotic factors drive CO2 flux in Antarctic dry valley soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41: 1510-1517.

Zeglin, L. H., R. L. Sinsabaugh. J. E. Barrett, M. N. Gooseff, and C. D. Takacs-Vesbach. 2009. Landscape distribution of microbial activity in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: Linked biotic processes, hydrology and geochemistry in a cold desert ecosystem. Ecosystems 12: 562-573.

Northcott, M. L., M. N. Gooseff, J. E. Barrett, L. H. Zeglin, C. D. Takacs-Vesbach, and J. Humphrey. 2009. Hydrologic characteristics of lake- and stream-side riparian margins in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Hydrological Processes 23: 1255-1267.

Ikard, S. J., M. N. Gooseff, J. E. Barrett, and C. D. Takacs-Vesbach. 2009. Active layer thermal characterization across a soil moisture gradient in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 20: 27-39.

Barrett, J. E., D. W. Hopkins, I. Hogg, and S. C. Cary. 2009. Spatial variation in soil biota and organic matter in the McMurdo dry valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Nematology 41:307-308.

Ayres, E., J. N. Nkem, D. H. Wall, B. J. Adams, J. E. Barrett, E. J. Broos, A. N. Parsons, L. E. Powers, B. L. Simmons, R. A. Virginia. Human trampling reduces soil faunal populations in a polar desert, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Conservation Biology, doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01034.x.

Doran, P. T., C. P. McKay, A. G. Fountain, T. Nylen, D. M. McKnight, C. Jaros and J. E. Barrett. 2008. Hydrologic response to extreme warm and cold summers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science, doi: 10.1017/S0954102008001272.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia, D. H. Wall, P. T. Doran, A. G. Fountain, K. A. Welch and W. B. Lyons. 2008. Persistent effects of a discrete climate event on a polar desert ecosystem. Global Change Biology 14: 2249-2261.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia, D. H. Wall and B. J. Adams. 2008. A decline of a dominant invertebrate species contributes to altered carbon cycling in low diversity soil ecosystem. Global Change Biology 14: 1734-1744.

Niederberger, T. D., I. R. McDonald, A. L. Hacker, R. M. Soo, J. E. Barrett, D. H. Wall, S. C. Carey. 2008. Microbial community composition in soils of Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Environmental Microbiology Journal 10: 1713-1724.D. B. Bate, J. E. Barrett, M. A. Poage and R. A. Virginia. Soil phosphorus cycling in an Antarctic Polar Desert. Geoderma 144: 21-31.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia, D. H. Wall and B. J. Adams. Decline of a dominant invertebrate species contributes to altered carbon cycling in low diversity soil ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 14: 1734-1744.

Gooseff, M. N., N. L. Northcott, J. E. Barrett, D. B. Bate, K. Hill, L. H. Zeglin, M. Bobb, C. D. Vesbach. Controls On Soil Water Dynamics in Near-Shore Lake Environments in an Antarctic Polar Desert. Vadose Zone Journal, 6: 841-848.

Ayers, E. B., B. J. Adams, J. E. Barrett, R. A. Virginia and D. H. Wall.2007. Unique similarity faunal communities across aquatic-terrestrial interfaces in a polar desert ecosystem-Soil-sediment boundaries and faunal community.. Ecosystems, 10: 523-535.

Poage, M. A., J. E. Barrett, R. A. Virginia, and D. H. Wall. 2007. Geochemical control over nematode distribution in soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 40: 119-128.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia, W. B. Lyons, D. M. McKnight, J. C. Priscu, P. T. Doran, A. G. Fountain, D. H. Wall, and D. L. Moorhead. 2007. Biogeochemical stoichiometry of Antarctic Dry Valley ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 112, G01010, doi:10.1029/2005JG000141.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia, D. H. Wall, S. C. Cary, B. J. Adams, A. L. Hacker and J. M. Aislabie. 2006. Co-variation in soil biodiversity and biogeochemistry in Northern and Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 18:535-548.

Wall, D. H., B. J. Adams, J. E. Barrett, D. W. Hopkin and R. A. Virginia. 2006. A synthesis of soil biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in Victoria Land, Antarctica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38:3001-3002.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia, D. W. Hopkins, J. Aislabie, R. Bargagli, J. G. Bockheim, I. B. Campbell, W. B. Lyons, D. Moorhead, J. Nkem, R. Sletten, H. Steltzer, D. H. Wall, and M. Wallenstein. 2006. Terrestrial ecosystem processes of Victoria Land, Antarctica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3019-3034.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia, D. H. Wall and A. N. Parsons. 2006. Soil carbon turnover in Antarctic Dry Valley ecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3065-3082.

Nkem, J. N, R. A. Virginia, J. E. Barrett and D. H. Wall. 2006. Salt inhibits nematode colonization in soils of the Antarctic Dry Valleys. Polar Biology 29: 643-651.

Blecker, S. W., J. A. Ippolito, J. E. Barrett, D. H. Wall, R. A. Virginia, and K. L. Norvell. 2006. Phosphorus fractionation implications in soils of Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70: 806-815. (with cover photograph).

Nkem, J. N, D. H. Wall, R. A. Virginia, J. E. Barrett, E. J. Broos, B. J. Adams and D. L. Porazinska. 2006. Wind dispersal of soil invertebrates in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Polar Biology 29: 346-352.

Barrett, J. E., R.A. Virginia, A.N. Parsons and D.H. Wall. 2005. Potential carbon and nitrogen turnover in soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 37:107-116.

Parsons, A. N., J. E. Barrett, D. H. Wall and R. A. Virginia. 2004. Soil carbon dioxide flux in Antarctic Dry Valley ecosystems. Ecosystems 7:286-295.

Barrett, J. E., D. H. Wall, R. A. Virginia, A. N. Parsons, L. E. Powers, and M. B. Burkins. 2004. Biogeochemical parameters and constraints on the structure of soil biodiversity. Ecology 85: 3105-3118.

Moorhead, D. L., J. E. Barrett, R. A. Virginia, D. H. Wall and D. Porazinska. 2003. Organic matter and soil biota of upland wetlands in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Polar Biology 26:567-576.

Gooseff, M. N., J. E. Barrett, P. T. Doran, W. B. Lyons, A. N. Parsons, D. L. Porazinska, R. A. Virginia and D. H. Wall. 2003. Snow-patch influence on soil biogeochemical processes and invertebrate distribution in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 35: 92-100.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth, G. Cunfer, J. E. Barrett, A. Mosier and P. Lowe. 2002. Nitrogen in the Central Grasslands region of the U.S.: A regional perspective. BioScience 52:813-823.

Barrett, J. E., R. L. McCulley, D. R. Lane, I. C. Burke and W. K. Lauenroth. 2002. Influence of annual and seasonal climate variability on plant production and N mineralization in the U.S. Central Grasslands region. Journal of Vegetation Science 13:383-394.

Kaye, J., J. Barrett and I. Burke. 2002. Rapid incorporation of 15Nitrogen into non-labile soil pools in Great Plains Grasslands. Ecosystems 5:461-471.

Barrett, J. E., and I. C. Burke. 2002. Nitrogen retention in semiarid ecosystems across a soil organic matter gradient. Ecological Applications 12:878-890.

Barrett, J. E., D. W. Johnson and I. C. Burke. 2002. Abiotic nitrogen uptake in semiarid grassland soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66:979-987.

Barrett, J. E., R. A. Virginia and D. H. Wall. 2002. Trends in resin and KCl-extractable soil nitrogen across landscape gradients in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Ecosystems 5:289-299. (with cover photograph).

Barrett, J. E., and I. C. Burke. 2000. Potential nitrogen immobilization in grassland soils across a soil organic matter gradient. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32:1707-1716.

Book Chapters and Reports

Barrett, J. E., M. A. Poage, M. N. Gooseff, C. L. Takacs-Vesbach. The legacy of aqueous environments on soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys: considerations for future exploration of Martian soils IN P. Doran, W.B. Lyons, D.M. McKnight (eds.) Life in Antarctic deserts and other cold/dry environment: Astrobiological analogues. Cambridge University Press, Astrobiology Series. In press.

Takacs-Vesbach, C., L. Zeglin, J. E. Barrett, M. N. Gooseff and J.C. Priscu. Factors promoting microbial diversity in the McMurdo Dry Valleys. IN P. Doran, W.B. Lyons, D.M. McKnight (eds.) Life in Antarctic deserts and other cold/dry environment: Astrobiological analogues. Cambridge University Press, Astrobiology Series. In press.

Burke, I. C., A. R. Mosier, P. B. Hook, D. G. Milchunas, J. E. Barrett, M. A. Vinton, R. L. McCulley, J. P. Kaye, R. A. Gill, H. E. Epstein, R. H. Kelly, W. J. Parton, C. M. Yonker, P. Lowe, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2008. Soil organic matter and nutrient dynamics of shortgrass steppe ecosystems IN W.K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke, eds. Ecology of Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspectives. Oxford University Press.

Gooseff, M. N., J. E. Barrett, S. Ikard, M. L. Northcott, C. Vesbach, and L. Zeglin. 2008. Thermal dynamics of active layer along a hydrologic gradient bordering lakes in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, pp 529-534 in D. L. Kane, and K. M. Hinkel (eds) Ninth International Conference on Permafrost, Institute of Northern Engineering. Barrett, J. E. and R. A. Virginia. 2008. Biogeochemical cycling in Terrestrial Environments IN B. Riffenburgh (ed.) Encyclopedia of the Antarctic. Routledge Publishers, NY, USA. In Press.

Burke, I. C., A. R. Mosier, P. B. Hook, D. G. Milchunas, J. E. Barrett, M. A. Vinton, R. L. McCulley, J. P. Kaye, R. A. Gill, H. E. Epstein, R. H. Kelly, W. J. Parton, C. M. Yonker, P. Lowe, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2007. Soil organic matter and nutrient dynamics of shortgrass  steppe ecosystems IN W.K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke, eds. Ecology of shortgrass steppe: Perspectives from long-term studies. Oxford University Press. In Press.

Foley, K. K., W. B. Lyons, J. E. Barrett, and R. A. Virginia. 2006. Pedogenic carbonate distribution within glacial till in Taylor Valley, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica in Alonso-Zara, A. M., and Tanner, L. H., ed., Paleoenvironmental Record and Applications of Calcretes and Palustrine Carbonates, GSA Special Paper 416, p. 89-103.

Epstein, H. E., J. M Paruelo, G. Piñeiro, I. C. Burke, J. E. Barrett and W. K. Lauenroth. 2005. Interactions of water and nitrogen on primary productivity across spatial and temporal scales in grassland and shrubland ecosystems IN P. D'Odorico and A. Porporato (eds.) Dryland Ecohydrology. Springer, pp 201-216.

Barrett, J. E. and S. Findlay. 1994. Ecosystem effects of submersed aquatic vegetation in the tidal freshwater Hudson River. IN J. R. Waldman and E. A. Blair, eds. Polgar Reports of the Hudson River National Estuarine Reserve Program. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation